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Telecom Industry Scenario

India is expected to have a digital economy of $1 tn by 2025

The Telecommunications industry is divided into following subsectors: Infrastructure, Equipment, Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MNVO), White Space Spectrum, 5G, Telephone service providers and Broadband.

Over the last seven years, the Indian Telecom Tower industry has grown significantly by 65%. The number of mobile towers increased from 400,000 in 2014 to 660,000 in 2021. Similarly, the number of Mobile Base Transceiver Stations have grown rapidly by 187% and increased from 800,000 in 2014 to 2.3 mn in 2021. 

It is also estimated that 5G technology will contribute approximately $450 bn to the Indian Economy in the period of 2023-2040. Currently, 5G Spectrum Trials are being conducted in India to ensure proliferation of 5G technology across the country. 

As per GSMA, India is on its way to becoming the second-largest smartphone market globally by 2025 with around 1 billion installed devices and is expected to have 920 mn unique mobile subscribers by 2025 which will include 88 mn 5G connections.

The DoT is targeting a combination of 100% broadband connectivity in the villages, 55% fiberisation of mobile towers, average broadband speeds of 25 mbps and 30 lakh kms of optic fibre rollouts by December 2022. By December 2024, it is looking at 70% fiberisation of towers, average broadband speeds of 50 Mbps and 50 lakh kms of optic fibre rollouts at a pan-India level.


  • PLI Schemes under Atmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyan

    Production Linked Incentive schemes worth INR 12,195 cr for manufacturing of telecom and networking products

  • Telecom Sector Reforms

    In 2021, large scale structural and procedural reforms have been brought in to enhance liquidity and minimise financial stress within the telecom sector.

  • Bharatnet project

    Bharat Net Project Optical fibre cables laid to 178,247 gram panchayats, out of which 161,870 are service ready. Additionally, 4,218 gram panchayats have been connected over satellite media, taking the total number of service ready gram panchayats to 166,088.

  • PLI Schemes

    New Schemes for Incentivizing manufacturing of Telecom &Networking Products: Production Linked Incentive schemes worth INR 12,195 cr.

  • India is one of the highest consumers of data per day

    India is one of the highest consumers of data per day with approximately 5 hours of daily time spend on smartphones.

  • Prime Minister Wi-Fi Access Network Interface (PM-WANI)

    Provision of public Wi-Fi service through Public Data Offices (PDOs) spread across the country to accelerate the expansion of broadband internet services.


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Telecommunications companies are gearing up for some of the biggest technological advancements the industry has seen in years. Trends such as the 5G revolution and the advancement of the internet of things (IoT) will reshape the telecom sector and force innovation on a massive scale. This course explores the emerging advancements that will affect telecom companies in 2020.